Solar PV Panels

Solar PV panels are a collection of cells that are also called photovoltaic cells. Solar PV cells are part of a wider system that collects and generates electricity for both residential and commercial use.

One PV solar panel generates a small supply of electricity. A system needs multiple solar PV panels to generate a useable supply of electricity. The system also includes an inverter, a battery and wiring.

Solar panels use photons or light energy from the sun to generate electricity. The photovoltaic effect occurs when the light hits the panel. When electrons from the sun's rays meets the panel, they are transferred to materials within the PV solar panels and an accumulation of voltage results.

Most PV panels are thin and take the current generated by the photovoltaic effect and transfer the voltage to metal conducting wires. The network of connected PV panels create a series of electrical connections, using this combined voltage, to reach a level of voltage output necessary.

Solar panel output can be boosted by using lenses which concentrate the sunlight. The lenses focus this concentrated beam onto a group of cells . This way, the concentration of sunlight is maximized and the group of cells can create more electricity using a small area.

Solar panels can be mounted on a roof for electricity generation for a building. Panels are also used in large groups called solar farms. These solar farms provide electricity to power plants for redistribution.



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